- The autonomous vehicle (AV) industry has seen unprecedented levels of technological advancement.
- Regulators around the world have been tasked with creating policy frameworks and legislative frameworks for this fast-paced industry.
- We describe the latest trends to be taken into account when developing mobility policies as the industry is working towards post-epidemic recovery.
The transformative changes of mobility that have inspired academic researchers and literary writers alike are steadily advancing and becoming part of our reality. The rapid development of the Autonomous Vehicle (AV) industry has encouraged regulators around the world to introduce policy and legislative frameworks to enable safe experimentation and development of the technology. As they navigate this unprecedented pace of technological advancement, we have reviewed and mapped the latest developments in the post-epidemic AV industry.
Here are five key global trends in the AV industry to consider when developing mobility policies in post-epidemic recovery efforts.
1. The market is moving from mostly taxis to trucks and automatic delivery vehicles
Increasingly, companies have begun to direct their development efforts and resources towards the past Delivery vehicles and automatic trucks Due to difficulties in commercializing mobility as a service (MaaS). Robo-Taxi’s vision to go everywhere has proven to be more challenging than expected, caused by market demand and technological barriers. The COVID-19 epidemic exacerbated this even further with a Sharp decline In demand for travel sharing services due to social distance requirements and reallocation of road areas and priority of bicycles, for the benefit of pedestrians and cyclists.
The AV industry is moving “Autonomous disillusionment“After suffering setbacks and delays, it made investors look for more profitable ways. While investors are still interested in autonomy, the focus has shifted to practical services like grocery delivery and limiting autonomous functions only to highways.
The reversal of the trend is also seen in companies like Waymo (Waymo Via) and northern Lights, Which develops production of separate trucks and tests them in Arizona and California in the United States.
2. Increase in deployment in dense urban cities
While most current pilots are done in suburban neighborhoods, the future success of the AV industry depends on the deployment of driverless MaaS operations of the last mile in crowded urban areas like New York, San Francisco, Tel Aviv, London or Beijing. Most current pilots are limited to expansive urban landscapes, such as in Phoenix Arizona or the Bay Area (except San Francisco), which allow for easier test conditions and the ability to cover longer mileage. However, suburban areas alone cannot maintain a profitable AV market due to limited demand and lower economic incentives.
Companies, therefore, compete to be the first to deploy commercial services in one of the crowded and large cities. for example, cruise, זווקס and Waymo Focus their tests on the busy streets of San Francisco. Announced Mobilai Tests in New York City And plan to operate a commercial service on demand without a driver on the streets of Tel Aviv. Moreover, companies love AutoX, Baidu and Didi Chuxing Accelerate their testing through cities in China.
3. No company has yet reached commercialization on a large scale
At the time of publication, Estimates Note that an extensive deployment of autonomous driving systems without a safety driver on board will continue At least a decade Come to fruition. The expansion of AVs is likely to be gradual and will take place region by region in specific categories of transportation and in a wide range of availability around the world.
For now, there are few examples of smaller-scale commercial adoption. Waymo One is one of the only commercial transportation services Offers fully autonomous rides In Phoenix Arizona in the US. Cruz is also set to begin exploring commercial shuttle services In San Francisco In the near future. Another company called Nuro are Running tests without a driver On California’s public roads, paving the way for commercial operations across the state.
4. Ongoing collaboration and formation of the AV industry
Autonomous vehicles are a capital-intensive complex technology and require funds and investments in ongoing R&D. COVID-19 has augmented this reality while it is unclear the feasibility of shared autonomous mobility solutions. Lack of funds from large investors along with unpredictable futures and technological barriers Larger, new partnerships and consortia.
Examples include Acquisition of Zoox by Amazon, Uber is selling its AV division to Aurora and Toyota acquires Lyft’s autonomous vehicle division. The new “Autonomous Vehicle Computing Consortium(AVCC) includes Arm, Bosch, Continental, GM, Toyota, Nvidia, NXP and Denso, bringing together leading automakers along with some of the leading chipmakers and automotive tier 1 suppliers.
5. Need for a harmonious approach to data sharing between diverse stakeholders
Mobile companies that have significant data from testing capabilities, actions and customer behaviors, often avoid this sharing with other stakeholders for many reasons such as concerns about privacy, cyber security and maintaining a competitive advantage. However, such data when merged and analyzed may generate Significant value For the entire ecosystem. Therefore, enough companies should be encouraged to share data in a way that justifies the resource required to do so and outweighs the perceived risks.
To enable a harmonious approach to the adoption of data standards, it is important not only to develop a set of rules, but that they also need to be understood, accepted and applied by the industry. The later part of standard adoption of extensive data is often disrupted by obstacles such as voluntary adoption that does not reach critical mass due to competitive market forces and inappropriate interests.
However, in promising illustrations, companies love Waymo, Elevators and Argo AI Publish their open source data sets, followed by Ford Autonomous Vehicle Data Kit And Google in open source Android car operating system, Am others.
What’s next for the AV industry?
The effects of the epidemic on mobility also provide an opportunity to realize the ambitious vision of sustainable and comprehensive urban mobility. To achieve this, it is essential to coordinate efforts between the private sector and governments at all local and federal levels to develop strategies that maximize benefits. We see that this effort is being carried out around the world with one of the latest additions being Israel.
Israel has completed the first step in approving its new legislation to test and operate driverless autonomous vehicles on public roads. Israel is home to Worth $ 35 billion Of mobility innovations reshaping the global industry, with above 600 related to mobility Startups. C4IR Israel, Backed by the World Economic Forum and the Israeli Innovation Authority, supports the Israeli Ministry of Transportation in connecting with global stakeholders from around the world to better understand the needs and challenges of the industry. It also helps create a nimble and enabling regulatory framework that enables Israel to be an attractive destination for the testing and operation of autonomous vehicles from around the world.